If you’re suffering from hard water issues in your home then you will know what some of the problems of hard water are. However, do you really understand the facts about hard water, how it is formed, how it affects you, and how hard water filters and professional water treatment can solve the problems that you are experiencing?

There is a lot of information out there and some of it can be misleading. We give you 6 undeniable facts about hard water.

Fact 1 – Drinking hard water does not cause heart disease or cancer

There are lots of suggestions out there about the impact of hard water on our health, in particular associations with cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer. A review of existing studies by the International Journal of Preventative Medicine indicates that studies into the impact of hard water on heart disease are not conclusive, but that if they were, the relationship would be inverse, i.e. hard water would help prevent heart disease. The journal also found that the presence of calcium and magnesium (the main chemicals which cause hard water issues) is suggested to have a possible protective effect against some cancers, with calcium showing the most impact. No studies were found that suggested hard water could increase the likelihood of either heart disease or cancer. The study did find, however, that exposure to hard water was likely to be a contributory factor to eczema in children.

hard water filter

Fact 2 – Hard water is not caused by external pollutants

Hard water occurs because of the presence of natural minerals in the rock and soil through which our groundwater runs. The main minerals that are causes of hard water are calcium and magnesium, both of these are actually chemicals that our bodies, to some extent, need. Water, when it falls as rain, is soft (i.e. it doesn’t contain these minerals) however, it is really good at dissolving both calcium and magnesium from the ground, and creating hard water. Hard water does not form because of either air pollutants such as motor vehicle exhaust fumes or water pollutants such as chemical fertilisers; it is a natural and unpreventable occurrence. Hard water can, however, be treated by specialist water treatment processes and hard water filters once it reaches your home or business.

Fact 3 – You can’t tell if water is hard just by looking at it

Hard water may very well be just as transparent as soft water, if you held two, brand new glasses up, one full of soft water and the other full of hard water, you may struggle to tell the difference. However, hard water does bring with it issues surrounding appearance. The minerals in hard water can damage your glassware, leaving it slightly opaque (and your water looking less than attractive), it can also react with soap products and leave a scum on polished taps and surfaces. If you are aiming to serve up clear glasses or bottles of fresh-looking water to your dinner guests then hard water, that hasn’t been treated by hard water filters may cause some disappointment.

hard water issues

Fact 4 – Some homes in the UK don’t have hard water issues

Thankfully this is true and there are areas of the UK that have soft water because of their geology. Many of us, however, fall victim to the hard water postcode lottery and a hard water map of the UK shows that unless you live in the South West of England, Wales or the West of Scotland, where soft water is the norm, you are are likely to experience at least some of the hard water issues that can have such an annoying impact on day to day life. The level of problems caused by your water will be related to its degree of hardness, i.e. the amount of minerals it has dissolved. The good news is that modern hard water filters can deal effectively with these issues.

Fact 5 – The scale that hard water leaves in your kettle can be treated

One of the most irritating things about hard water is its tendency to leave scum in your kettle. This scum (sometimes called fur) is calcium carbonate (lime scale) and can leave your cup of tea looking unattractive, with bits floating in it. The good news is that you can treat lime scale with vinegar and water, the bad news is that this can take a bit of time and will have to be regularly repeated. Effective and professional water treatment can remove the necessity for lime scale removal as it prevents hard water chemicals from reaching your appliances.

what is hard water

Fact 6 – The taste jury is out on hard and soft water

Some people will tell you that they hate the taste of their tap water but this may not necessarily be because they live in a hard water area. Here in the UK we haven’t yet gone as far as the US, who have regular tap water taste competitions, and our water is checked carefully for most things but not taste.

Some people insist that softer water tastes saltier than hard water but there are many influences other than magnesium and calcium that can impact water flavour, for example, humic acid (produced by dead organic matter) and chlorine (added as a disinfectant). If you have ever swum in a river in a peaty area or a heated public swimming pool, you will be able to relate to these. Water authorities who swap between supplies from hard water and soft water areas report complaints about flavour whichever way the swap is made, suggesting that it is not the taste of hard water or soft water that we dislike but a variation from the taste we are used to.

Whatever your negative experiences of hard water issues, we at Aquasof can explain your hard water situation and help you to find water treatment solutions. For the best water treatment and water filtration systems on the market, call us on 01622 726400 or email us at info@absolutesoftwater.co.uk

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